Biodiversity comes from two words Bio meaning life and diversity meaning variability. The main criteria for classification used by him include cell structure, thallus organisation, mode of nutrition, reproduction and phylogenetic relationships. Papers written by Whittaker’s colleagues and students to illustrate applications of approaches developed by Whittaker and to illustrate current research that had developed as a direct result of Whittaker’s stimulus in a variety of fields. He was the first to propose the five kingdom taxonomic classification of the world's biota into the Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, and Monera in 1969. (iv) Life style (ecological role) and. biodiversity range from daily to seasonal to annual, and evolutionary. Robert Whittaker's five-kingdom system was a standard feature of biology textbooks during the last two decades of the twentieth century. Category ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) Complexity of body organization. Whittaker's early thinking about kingdoms was strongly shaped by his ecological … Levels of biodiversity. Recent studies suggest that three domains be employed: Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya.

FIVE KINGDOM CLASSIFICATION R.H. Whittaker (1969) proposed a Five Kingdom Classification. These are Whittaker’s (1977) four levels of inventory diversity: 1. Biodiversity is a word more often used to refer to the variety of life forms found in a particular geographic region. Westman, W. E., and R. K. Peet. Biodiversity is the variety of all living things; the different plants, animals and micro organisms, the genetic information they contain and the ecosystems they form. He used following criteria for classification: (i) Complexity of cell structure. The activity below allows learners to practice classification. Biodiversity term is used to define the diversity of life forms. Point Diversity: This is the diversity on the smallest scale, the diversity of a micro-habitat or sample taken from within a homogeneous habitat. Classification systems are always changing as new information is made available.

He also proposed the Whittaker Biome Classification, which categorized biome-types upon two abiotic factors: temperature and precipitation" (2). The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community. The classification of a rose is shown in Figure 1, while that of a warbler is illustrated in Figure 2. Classification is usually a hierarchical process. Another dimension is Functional biodiversity, that is, the role that a group of organisms plays in the web of life. BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION 17 R.H. Whittaker (1969) proposed a Five Kingdom Classification. Biodiversity Topic: History of classification (Part 2) ... Whittaker's classification scheme recognized five kingdoms: Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.

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