Identity and historical sociology. By identifying with one's nation, people involve in intergroup comparisons, and tend to derogate out-groups. Social identity theory suggests a positive relationship between identification of a nation and derogation of other nations. A Cultural Perspective on Intergroup Relations and Social Identity Abstract Violent instances of intergroup conflict in recent memory have usually involved cultural groups, but theory and research on the psychology of intergroup relations is largely culture free. Social identity theory describes how – through social categorization and comparison – people define their social identity and how they strive for a positive social identity. An overview of cultural historical activity theory (CHAT) use in classroom research 2000 to 2009. A historical event, political conditions, who is present, situation/site of interaction and public discourse, also affects cultural identity.

It covers the entire life span of a human being and changes every moment based on social context. [citation needed] One can regard the categorizing of identity as positive or as destructive.A psychological identity relates to self-image (one's mental model of oneself), self-esteem, and individuality. Educational Review: Vol. Furthermore, theory and research in the social identity literature emphasizes that the sam e identity content can be viewed as ‘personal’ or ‘social’ in different conte xts. The group status hierarchy and the permeability of the boundaries plays major role in the choice of strategies. (2012).

Postmodern views of identity understand it as a function of historical and cultural circumstances. 37-55. Social Identity theory details certain strategies which appeal in order to achieve and maintain the described positive self-distinctiveness. Identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity as emphasized in psychology) or group (collective identity as pre-eminent in sociology). Cultural identity is dynamic and constantly evolving. 1, pp. The need for a positive and meaningful social identity is served by positive group distinctiveness which contributes to feelings of certainty and positive self-esteem. 64, No. In sociology, social identity can also be examined from the perspective of social and historical change.

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