La référence Insee comprend, en plus des 409 communes, les 20 arrondissements de Paris, donc 429 éléments. 40% des moins de 18 ans ont au moins un des deux parents immigrés. Le poids de Paris et de l'agglomération parisienne L'unité urbaine se réfère à la continuité du bâti, tandis que l'aire urbaine prend en compte les communes dont … Many Vietnamese achieved proficiency in the medical, scientific, and computer science fields. Agglomeration is the process by which a collection or group of things are brought together. [18], The Paris metropolitan region or "aire urbaine" is estimated to be home to some 1.7 million Muslims, making up between 10–15 per cent of the area's population. Some agglomerations have more than one central city (e.g., "The Ruhr"). These eight departments form the larger administrative Île-de-France région; most of this region is filled, and overextended in places, by the Paris aire urbaine, which, in 2017, was populated by over 12 million people. This increased to 108,000 in 1990. Lagos has continued to heavily invest in education infrastructure in the country and almost 12% of the state budget for 2017 (a sum of almost just over 92 billion naira) was allocated to the education sector. In 1987 the number increased to 9,000. The administration of Paris's urban growth is divided between itself and its surrounding departments: Paris's closest ring of three adjoining departments, or petite couronne ("small ring") are fully saturated with urban growth, and the ring of four departments outside of these, the grande couronne departments, are only covered in their inner regions by Paris's urbanisation. Put differently, a 10% larger population in a small city leads to a 0.4% increase in expenditure for its residents to remain equally well off. Selon la délimitation effectuée par l'Insee en 2010, l'unité urbaine de … For a city with the same population as Paris, the same 10% increase in population implies a 0.8% increase in expenditure. Going past this “global city” argument, Veltz’s (1996) work L'élargissement continu des unités urbaines peut se caractériser par l'étalement urbain. This paper analyses the agglomeration patterns for 26 manufacturing and services sectors in Paris and its surroundings in 1999. The Communauté d'agglomération Paris-Saclay (or CAPS) is an administrative entity in the Essonne département, near Paris.Administrative center: Orsay.It was formed on 1 January 2016 by the merger of the former Communauté d'agglomération du Plateau de Saclay and the Communauté d'agglomération … Selon le pays Belgique. In 2009, the number of people living in urban areas (3.42 billion) surpassed the number living in rural areas (3.41 billion), and since then the world has become more urban than rural. Territoire. La commune de Paris. Allowing cities to increase their physical footprint as they grow in population reduces the magnitude of the … The combined total is 11,229. Caractéristiques. Railways, electricity, gas lamps, the telegraph, and the development of medicine - arguably any achievement of this era - have influenced population growth and the size of cities. Reading: 436 576 immigrants live in Paris, representing 20% of Parisians and 22.4% of immigrants in Île-de-France. In 1982 the region had 59,000. For the latter, our preferred estimate is 0.72. 1. most populous urban area in the European Union, Largest urban areas of the European Union, Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, "Comparateur de territoire, Unité urbaine de Paris (00851), Région Île-de-France (11)", "Évolution et structure de la population en 2017, Commune de Paris (75056)", Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, "EU population statistics at regional level, Eurostat 2012", "Comparateur de territoire, Commune de Paris (75056)", Populations légales 2012: Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble, "La population de l'aire urbaine de Paris augmente de 8,5 % entre 1999 et 2008", "Évolution et structure de la population en 2017: Aire urbaine de Paris (001)", "Évolution et structure de la population en 2017: Région d'Île-de-France (11)", "Individus localisés à la région en 2015 - Recensement de la population - Fichiers détail", "IMG1B - Population immigrée par sexe, âge et pays de naissance en 2015 - Région d'Île-de-France (11)", "INSEE statistics on residents born outside France in 2011", "Muslims and city politics: When town halls turn to Mecca", Les immigrés et leur famille en Île-de-France, Les descendants d'immigrés vivant en Île-de-France, The Japanese and Europe: Economic and Cultural Encounters, "Évolution et structure de la population en 2017: Unité urbaine de Paris (00851)", Social and ethnic segregation in the Paris metropolitan area at the beginning of the 21st century, Miscellanea Geographica – Regional Studies on Development,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles to be expanded from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, until the 1830s, urbanization was contained within the administrative borders of the City of Paris; urban area figures before 1835 are thus the same as the city proper figures, the phenomenon of long commutes did not appear until the 1960s; metropolitan area figures before 1968 are thus essentially the same as the urban area figures. As of 2005 many expatriates settle in the western portion of Paris. France: Agglomerations Contents: Agglomerations The population development of the French urban agglomerations (unités urbaine) according to their definition of 2010.. Elle présente des paysages très différents. Né le 1er janvier 2016, Paris Terres d’Envol forme l’un des 12 territoires autour desquels s’articule la Métropole du Grand Paris créée par la loi NOTRe du 7 août 2015 (loi portant sur la nouvelle organisation territoriale de la République) et la loi MAPTAM du 27 janvier 2014 … de concierges, une population de plus en plus constituée d’immigrés étrangors récents. Thank you for becoming a member. [28], As of that year, in the Île-de-France region there were 16,387 Vietnamese citizens and 20,261 former Vietnamese citizens naturalized as French, making a total of 36,648. La communauté d’agglomération Paris-Saclay est une structure intercommunale française créée le 1 er janvier 2016, située dans le département de l’Essonne et la région Île-de-France.. Toulouse is a city in France, and it serves as the capital Haute-Garonne department and the Occitanie region.As of 2016, the city has a population of 950,000. Guillon, Michelle. Cette dernière prend le nom de la LAU dont le niveau est le plus élevé du point de vue des fonctions administratives ou, en cas d’équivalence entre plusieurs LAUs, celle qui a la population … Au 1er janvier 2019, Paris-Vallée de la Marne compte 229 203 habitants : 227 440 personnes ayant leur résidence habituelle sur le territoire (population municipale), et 1763 personnes résidant ailleurs mais ayant gardé un lien avec le territoire (population … This study attempts to answer this question in the context of China by examining the impact of industrial composition of core cities on regional urban systems. [28], As of 1990 fewer than 10,000 persons of East/Southeast Asian origin resided in six communes of Marne-la-Vallée. Le rayonnement de l'agglomération parisienne dépasse les frontières franciliennes, selon une étude de l'Insee. Corresponding author: Laurent Gobillon . Population (2010) : 10 460 118 millions d’hab. Agglomeration processes can also have some undesirable effects. Pendant quarante ans, la métropolisation a profité aux territoires situés dans un rayon compris entre 20 et 40 km du fait de la périurbanisation, un peu moins au-delà. Most of them were of Cambodian origin, including those with and without Cambodian citizenship. Overall, the results show that a larger local population and location in an industrial district or superdistrict increase the probability of being employed. [1] It is surrounded by the Paris unité urbaine, or urban area, the most populous urban area in the European Union. Informations, cartes et statistiques sur les populations et les pays du monde. In this regard, Paris has been the focus of a debate that is still ongoing. Paris's 2020 population is now estimated at 11,017,230.In 1950, the population of Paris was 6,283,018.Paris has grown by 59,043 since 2015, which represents a 0.54% annual change. 26% of the population of Lognes was Asian, and other percentages were 8% in Noisiel, 5-6% in Noisy-le-Grand, and 5-6% in Torcy. Live traffic. [32], As of 1990, in the City of Paris there were 2,185 Laotian citizens and 1,376 former Laotian citizens naturalized as French, making a combined total of 3,561. Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. Several waves of immigration followed continually until today: Italians and central European Jews during the 19th century; Russians after the revolution of 1917 and Armenians fleeing genocide in the Ottoman Empire;[16] colonial subjects during World War I and later;[17] Poles between the two world wars; Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese, and North Africans from the 1950s to the 1970s; North African Jews after the independence of those countries; Africans and Asians since then. La population de l'agglomération. Paris peut, de prime abord, paraître une ville modeste en superficie et en population : 2 187 526 habitants (quand Londres en compte 12 millions, et Shangaï plus de 23) pour une superficie de 105,4 km² (891,8 km² pour Berlin, 789 km² pour New York). Notre vocation est d'informer les internautes sur le monde et les populations qui y vivent, par le biais de fiches pays synthétiques, de statistiques, de cartes d'actualités, d'articles ponctuels, le tout dans divers domaines touchant l'humanité. "How not to get lost in translation: Final 3 Edition.". In 2017 the unité urbaine had a population of 10,784,830. agglomération \a.ɡlɔ.me.ʁa.sjɔ̃\ féminin. The population of the Aire Urbaine de Paris was 11174743 at the 1999 population census. Avec une superficie de 105 km 2, Paris est une petite commune. 111. employment I create 40% of its GDP I cover .18% of East Asia’s area but generate 29% of its GDP! 26 La population d’une agglomération est la somme de la population des LAUs qui vivent dans la même agglomération. ... As a city grows in population and in space, ... the transit networks become focused on a single point and less circular as in older cities like London or Paris. Several former communautés d'agglomération have been converted into communautés urbaines or métropoles, for instance those of Strasbourg, Rouen, Saint-Étienne and Caen. Average congestion levels for each day and each week in 2020. [28], Parts of this article (those related to Statistics) need to be. It is surrounded by the Paris unité urbaine, or urban area, the most populous urban area in the European Union. Les données proposées sont établies à périmètre géographique identique, dans la géographie en vigueur au 01/01/2020. From two, to four, to six million, 19th-century London set new records every decade. Néanmoins, depuis 1982, Lyon croît plus vite que Marseille, qui l’avait dépassée dans les années 1960, grâce à … New economic geography (NEG) raises the question why the “agglomeration shadow” effect is significant in some urban regions but not others. Action d’agglomérer ou résultat de cette action.. De cette agglomération brumeuse disposée à l'horizon et qui formait le noyau du météore, s'irradiaient des effluves ardentes, […]. The Russian capital, Moscow was the second largest city in 2020 at 12.5 million, followed by the capitals of France and the United Kingdom, with Paris at 11 million and London at 9.3 million people. [29], As of circa 1998 Ivry-sur-Seine and Vitry-sur-Seine had a combined Asian population of 3,600. The population of the communes and statistical areas (IRIS - Ilots Regroupés pour … We are preparing live data for you. [30], As of circa 1998 there were about 6,000 East/Southeast Asians in and around Aulnay-sous-Bois, and there were 3,000 persons of East and Southeast Asian origin in Aulnay proper. JEL Classification: R14, R21, R31 . In 2017 the unité urbaine had a population of 10,784,830. time comparisons should be exercised with care, as statistical borders vary year after year. Paris is one of the most densely populated cities in the world. The city's population is densest in the northern and eastern arrondissements; the 11th arrondissement had a density of 40,672 inhabitants per square kilometre (105,340/sq mi) in 1999, and some of the same arrondissement's eastern quarters had densities close to 100,000/km2 (260,000/sq mi) in the same year. [28], That year, in the Île-de-France region there were 26,553 Cambodian citizens and 13,068 former Cambodian citizens naturalized as French. It has a population of 12,174,880 as of Ja… Les villes de l’agglomération nantaise connaissent, elles aussi, un fort engouement de la population. [28], As of 1990, there were a combined total of 31,773 persons who held or formerly held Cambodian, Chinese, Laotian, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese citizenships in the City of Paris. urban area of the size of Paris. Paris. Includes metropolitan areas and surrounding urban agglomerations. [2], The population of the city of Paris reached a historic high of 2.9 million in 1921 but then declined; between 1954 and 1999 it declined at every census, falling to 2,125,246 in 1999. Despite the drop, Paris remains the most densely-populated city in Europe, with 252 residents per hectare, not counting parks. 1 Some other urban agglomeration lists mix metropolitan areas, municipalities (parts of metropolitan areas) and urban areas (built up urban areas or agglomerations). Évolution démographique de l'unité urbaine. [28], As of that year, in the Île-de-France region there were 10,110 Laotian citizens and 8,177 former Laotian citizens, making a combined total of 18,287. Current weather. NOTES: The definition of agglomerations varies significantly from city to city, hence the difficulty of compiling an accurate, comparative list of the world's most populous urban areas. [15], The first wave of international migration to Paris started as early as 1820 with the arrivals of German peasants fleeing an agricultural crisis in their homeland. Du 5 octobre au 12 décembre 2020, Grand Paris Grand Est réalise, en partenariat avec la société ACP Services, une enquête sur la gestion des déchets et le recensement des bacs dans les communes du territoire. This included 21,655 current citizens of those countries and 10,118 former citizens who became naturalized as French citizens. Ethnicities included Khmer people, Lao people, and Overseas Chinese. These figures are ‘all else constant’, including the urban area of cities. It has a population of 12,174,880 as of January 2017, or 18.3 percent of the population of France. This is a decline of 59,648 from 2015, close to the total population of the 5th arrondissement. En 2011, 23% de la population d'Île-de-France est née à l'extérieur de la France métropolitaine. E.g., the metropolitan area figure for 1968 is within the 1968 borders of the metropolitan area, whereas the metropolitan area figure for 1975 is within the 1975 expanded borders of the metropolitan area. [2] The Paris Region, or Île-de-France covers 12,012 square kilometers (4,638 square miles), and has its own regional council and president. Data: The presented population figures are projected according to the previous development to the given reference date. Plant coverage in Paris and the communes in the centre of the Paris agglomeration. 7. Today, Paris’ agglomeration is 27 times larger as the city itself . Et la 1 ère agglomération la plus peuplée en Europe, devant Londres (8,5 millions). Since then, an influx of younger residents and immigrants has contributed to the growth of the city. [21] Among the young people under 18, 12.1 per cent are of Maghrebi origin, 9.9 per cent of Subsaharan African origin and 4.0 per cent of South European origin. Western Paris is in close proximity to many international schools and the La Défense area. [14] At the 1999 census, 4.2% of the population in Paris metropolitan area were recent immigrants (people who had immigrated to France between 1990 and 1999), the majority from Asia and Africa. Elle est accidentelle et due à la guerre. The population development of the French urban agglomerations (unités urbaine) according to their definition of 2010. 75980 Paris Cedex 20 . [27] The largest group includes ethnic Chinese from Indochina, and a smaller group originates from Zhejiang. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Paris, which typically includes Paris's population … The world's urban population in 1950 of just 746 million has increased to 3.9 billion in the decades since. Toulouse has a population of 950,000, although the metropolitan area has a much larger population of over 1.2 million, the fourth largest in … Située au cœur de grands axes routiers et ferroviaires (A6, A5, francilienne, RER D, T Zen), cette nouvelle agglomération est issue de la fusion des agglomérations d’Evry Centre Essonne, Sénart, Sénart en Essonne et de la commune de Grigny. In a pointed 'minority report', the Association of Suburban Mayors (ASM) lamented what it described as a worrying and growing debt load of tens of millions of dollars. [27], In France the "Asians" are defined as people originating from the East Asian cultural sphere. Other countries with populations in Paris include Burkina Faso, the Congo, Guinea, Mali, and Senegal. Paris has historically been a magnet for immigrants, hosting one of the largest concentrations of immigrants in Europe today. Local time 5:03 PM. The following is a list of the world's 150 largest metropolitan areas, which generally includes an urban area and its surrounding suburbs. The city's population loss was one of the most severe among international municipalities and the largest for any that had achieved more than 2,000,000 residents. The Paris region changed radically over the second half of the 20th century as the population of Paris intra-muros declined, its old quarters were renovated, and its outskirts were transformed by suburban densification and periurban development. [33], As of 1990, in the City of Paris there were 3,802 Vietnamese citizens and 4,155 former Vietnamese citizens naturalized as French, making a total of 7,957. The city of Paris (also called the Commune or Department of Paris) had a population of 2,187,526 people within its administrative city limits as of January 1, 2017. The combined total was 39,421. Comme dans la capitale, la population aux revenus les plus élevés se concentre dans les banlieues ouest, dans des maisons individuelles ou des immeubles de standing. 133 Boulevard Davout . [25], As of 1998 Île-de-France has half of the Asian population of France. This group includes those born in France who had African parents and naturalized French citizens born in Africa. Julien from INSEE). [30], As of 1990, in the City of Paris there were 7,950 Cambodian citizens and 3,279 former Cambodian citizens who became naturalized as French. Tokyo is followed by Delhi, India (population 25,703,168) and Shanghai, China (population 23,740,778). The official estimated population of the City of Paris was 2,206,488 as of 1 January 2019, according to the INSEE, the official French statistical agency. Conversely, the impact of any variable on search behavior is found to be zero. The total population of these urban areas is estimated at 2.25 billion, 51.4 2percent of the world urban population in 2020. Agglomeration variables are instrumented with historical population, seismic hazard, and soil characteristics. La Communauté d’Agglomération Plaine Vallée, est née le 1er janvier 2016 suite à la fusion de deux intercommunalités du Val-d’Oise. Average congestion. pour Paris, de 189 000 au total. • La banlieue de Paris regroupe 9,3 millions d'habitants : quatre fois et demi de plus que Paris intra muros. Parmi les 27 communes qui composent l'agglomération, 9 comptent moins de 5 000 habitants tandis que 6 dépassent les 20 000 habitants. Put differently, a 10% larger population in a small city leads to a 0.3% increase in expenditure for its residents to remain equally well off. Paris is the core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its limits: commonly referred to as the agglomération Parisienne, and statistically as a unité urbaine (a measure of urban area), the Paris agglomeration's 2013 population of 10,601,122 made it the largest urban area in the European Union. * Paris Traversée par la Seine, cette agglomération est la plus grande de France. This was the first time that the majority of the world's population lived in a city. Voici la liste des 409 communes qui composent l'unité urbaine de Paris[7],[note 1] : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le taux d'artificialisation du sol de cette unité urbaine s'accroît, du fait d'un choix résidentiel fait par certains ménages. [3] After that it began to climb again, reaching 2,240,621 in 2012, but falling to 2,187,526 in 2017.[4]. The larger metropolitan area has a population estimated at 2.22 million, and it's the second-largest metro area in France behind Paris. Daily and weekly congestion levels are … In 2010, Paris urban region reached 10 million people, where the outer Paris’ share was ca. [19] According to the North American Jewish Data Bank, an estimated 310,000 Jews also live in Paris and the surrounding Île-de-France region, an area with a population of 11.7 million inhabitants. 70% (numbers reconstructed by Ph. In 1975 there were 20,000 Asians in Île-de-France. The large population produces the most candidates for public examinations in all of Nigeria since 1967. Paris conserve cependant les activités de commandement économique et politique propres à une capitale. Sa densité est donc de 21 067 habitants par km2, ce qui en fait la 7e ville la plus densément peuplée au monde devant Séoul. Stay tuned! En Belgique, l'agglomération bruxelloise a été une entité publique chargée de la gestion de certaines compétences économiques pour les 19 communes de Bruxelles entre 1971 et 1989.Elle a été remplacée par la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale en 1989.. Canada Québec. The largest city in the world by population is Tokyo, Japan, with a population of 38,001,000. Immigrants and their children in departments of Île-de-France (Paris Region), sfn error: no target: CITEREFMadgeWillmott2006 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHassell1991 (, Lewis, Carol. Selon la délimitation effectuée par l'Insee en 2010, l'unité urbaine de Paris est composée de 412 communes, pour une superficie de 2 845 km2, rassemblant 10 706 072 habitants au recensement de 2015[1]. At present, Paris's real urbanisation, defined by the pôle urbain (urban cluster) statistical area, covers 2,845 km2 (1,098 sq mi),[9] or an area about 27 times larger than the city itself. Lyon is the third-largest city in France after Paris and Marseille with a population of 495,000 in 2015. Le dynamisme de Paris rend la ville attractive, l'agglomération parisienne est la zone la plus cosmopolite de France : 40% des immigrés en France résident en Île-de-France. [28], As of 1990 the majority of Asians living in the Paris area are ethnic Chinese originating from several countries. Elle présente des paysages très différents. Definition: Urban agglomerations include a central city and neighboring places mostly linked by (more or less) continuously built-up areas. The population development of Paris as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). [22] About four million people, or 35 per cent of the population of the Île-de-France, are either immigrants (17 per cent) or have at least one immigrant parent (18 per cent).[23]. The commune also had an above-average number of persons of Laotian origin, including those with and without Laotian citizenship. Au cœur d'une agglomération de plus de 10 millions d'habitants, le centre de Paris a perdu de nombreux sièges sociaux et usines qui ont préféré s'installer en banlieue et en province. En tant que département, Paris est aussi, et de loin, le plus densément peuplé du pays mais seulement le deuxième plus peuplé derrière le Nor… The city's population loss reflected the experience of most other core cities in the developed world that have not expanded their boundaries. Rome est par exemple 12 fois plus étendue (1 285 km 2) et Berlin 8,5 fois. Grzegorczyk, Anna (Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 00:08. [10], The Paris agglomeration has shown a steady rate of growth since the end of the late 16th century French Wars of Religion, save brief setbacks during the French Revolution and World War II. This drop was attributed partly to a lower birth rate, to the departure of middle-class residents. Name Status Population Census 1975-02-20 Population Census 1982-03-04 Population Census 1990-03-05 Population Cependant, Paris a bien sûr une aire urbaine très importante de 1751 communes des proche et lointaine périphéries. [31], As of 2013 the official number of Japanese residents in Paris was 16,277. Contents: Population. According to the same census, three departments bordering Paris, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne, had population densities of over ten thousand persons per square kilometre, ranking among the ten most densely populated areas of the EU.[5]. L’unité urbaine de Paris est une unité urbaine française centrée sur la ville de Paris. The term does not include people from the Indian subcontinent. The most sparsely populated quarters are the western and central office and administration-focused arrondissements. [20], Anch National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies, responsible for the production and analysis of official statistics in France, 20 per cent of people living in the city of Paris are immigrants and 41.3 per cent of people under 20 have at least one immigrant parent. Population paris agglomération En revanche, le territoire est beaucoup moins densément peuplé hors de Paris , en première et deuxième couronnes. The city of Paris covers an area much smaller than the urban area of which it is the core. France. La Communauté d'agglomération Paris - Vallée de la Marne est une Communauté d'Agglomération située dans le département de Seine-et-Marne. INED - Institut National d’Etudes Démographiques . The median size of Nuts 3 … In 1911, Paris urban region had 4.5 million people, where the outer Paris’ share was 35%. 37 per cent of all immigrants in France live in the Paris region. Keywords: urban costs, land prices, land use, agglomeration . The population (as of 2017) of the agglomeration communities ranges from 355,650 inhabitants (CA Grand Paris Sud Seine-Essonne-Sénart) to 29,289 inhabitants (CA Grand Verdun). Elle regroupe 18 villes et près de 183 000 habitants. the more global a city is. C'est la définition la plus courante de l'agglomération parisienne. [24], As of 2012 tens of thousands of people of African origins live in Paris. La notion d'unité urbaine, telle que définie par l'Insee, est indépendante du regroupement des communes en établissements publics de coopération intercommunale. Daily and weekly congestion level. [26], For the entire Île-de-France region, there were a total of 108,511 persons who held or formerly held Cambodian, Chinese, Laotian, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese citizenships as of 1990. The Paris Region, or Île-de-Francecovers 12,012 square kilometers (4,638 square miles), and has its own regional council and president. La population de Paris (intra-muros) est de 2 220 445 habitants [1] au 1 er janvier 2014 (cinquième ville de l'Union européenne), pour une superficie de 10 540 hectares.Sa densité est donc de 21 067 habitants par km 2, ce qui en fait la 7 e ville la plus densément peuplée au monde devant Séoul. Agglomeration in France. Factors in the migration included deindustrialisation, high rent, the gentrification of many inner quarters, the transformation of living space into offices, and greater affluence among working families. Schéma directeur de la région Île-de-France, Composition 2010 de l'unité urbaine de Paris, Chiffres-clés de l'unité urbaine de Paris, Statistiques (dossier complet) de l'unité urbaine de Paris, INSEE Recensement de 2014 Série historique des résultats du recensement de la population, Les unités urbaines de plus de 100 000 habitants, INSEE - Agglomération de l'Union européenne de plus de 1 million d'habitants, Une audition au Ceser de l’Ile-de-France sur les jeunes d’origine étrangère,é_urbaine_de_Paris&oldid=177659121, Page avec coordonnées similaires sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de l'article intitulé «.

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